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» Anesthesia, questions and concerns
So your pet has to undergo
I know this can be scary
for most people, but if the right steps are taken then it reduces your pets
Before your pet is sedated it is
highly recommended that your pet have pre-operative bloodwork done. some places
this is optional and others it is required. even though your pet may appear
healthy, there can be hidden things, or even problems caught early that may be
able to be fixed prior to the procedure. the blood work lets the veterinarian
know if you pets organs can process the anesthesia appropriately and if anything
else needs to be done before your pet receives anesthesia (like iv
also another thing that should be done before your pet is sedated
is a pre-operative EKG. this can detect heart abnormalities that might not be
detectable on a routine examination.
an IV catheter is also important. it
is an instant access to your pets circulatory system. if the blood pressure
drops or rises, heart rate is too fast or slow, or pet is not breathing
properly...these problems can be addressed quickly and can be life
are different phases of anesthesia. there is a premedication, and
induction medication, and a maintenance gas used for the whole
premeds goals are to relax the pet with a tranquilizer
and begin pain control before the procedure is even started. they also reduce
the amount of induction medications needed which may be harsher for your pet.
there are a vast number of types of premeds so i will not go into
induction medications allow your pet to completely relax
and allow the veterinarian to intubate your pet. common medications are
Ketamine/valium combination and propofol. ket/val should not be used in animals
with kidney or heart problems and in animals prone to having seizures. propofol
should not be used in animals with trouble breathing unless there are far worse
risks with other medications.
maintenance gas anesthesia may be
either isoflurane or sevoflurane. both are very safe. it was once thought that
sevo was a superior gas but now it is known to be equally as safe as isoflurane.
iso is cheaper and far more common. there are other gases out there but these
are the two that can be trusted. my personal preference is isoflurane b/c sevo
can lower the pets temperature during recovery from anesthesia and can be
dangerous if the patient isnt watched carefully. but with proper care both are a
Article by Dr. Jaimie , reproduced with permission.
Dr Jaimie Disclaimer : This
post is not a veterinary opinion. The information presented in this post is not
meant to substitute for an office visit with your local veterinarian, nor is it
meant to supplement, replace, or contradict instructions from your local
veterinarian. Further, any anecdotes related to the manner in which I care for
my own animals is not to be construed as professional advice, nor is it related
to the manner in which I care for animals in my professional practice.
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